soundPATHS – A web application to predict the sound transmission between rooms
Overview of the application
NRC’s soundPATHS web application is a prediction tool for the calculation of direct and flanking sound transmission between adjacent rooms. The software uses the calculation procedure outlined in the 2015 edition of the National Building Code of Canada.
Direct sound transmission is transmission between two rooms through the separating assembly, e.g. a wall or floor, and is usually classified in terms of Sound Transmission Class (STC). Flanking sound transmission is transmission between two rooms by paths other than directly through the separating assembly. The combination of direct and flanking sound transmission yields the apparent sound transmission, which is classified in terms of Apparent Sound Transmission Class (ASTC) and is used in the 2015 edition of the National Building Code of Canada.
The sound insulation perceived by occupants correlates well with the ASTC rating. The ASTC depends on the construction details of the walls, the floors, and their junctions.
Benefits to users
In soundPATHS, sound transmission between two rooms is presented for each junction, highlighting the weakest and the strongest paths by which sound is transmitted. The weakest path shows the user which building element needs to be improved in order to increase the apparent sound insulation. The strongest path identifies building elements that are overdesigned and where building material can be saved without affecting the apparent sound insulation.
The calculation method used in soundPATHS follows the requirements in the 2015 edition of the National Building Code of Canada. Results from the application may be presented to building officials as proof of compliance with the Code.
- Building owner/Manager
- Home owner/General public
- Building/Fire/Plumbing official
Description of the application
The expected sound transmission ratings are presented for each construction. Trends are shown to provide a framework for design estimates. Detailed drawings and specifications are presented on the report pages of soundPATHS.
It should be understood that some variation is to be expected in practice due to changing specific design details, workmanship, substitution of “generic equivalents”, or simply rebuilding the construction.
The calculation procedure used in soundPATHS is explained in detail in the NRC Research Report RR-331, “Guide to Calculating Airborne Sound Transmission in Buildings”. The Guide contains numerous examples showing the calculation steps, for a variety of construction types. Further examples including measurement data can be found in the NRC Research Reports RR-333 to RR-337, available from the NRC Publications Archive:
- RR-333: Apparent Sound Insulation in Concrete Buildings (2017)
- RR-334: Apparent Sound Insulation in Concrete Block Buildings (2015)
- RR-335: Apparent Sound Insulation in Cross-Laminated Timber Buildings (2017)
- RR-336: Apparent Sound Insulation in Wood-Framed Buildings (2017)
- RR-337: Apparent Sound Insulation in Cold-Formed Steel-Framed Buildings (2017)
Additional documents outlining the design framework and specific related issues include:
- Construction Technology Update 66 (2008)
- Guide for Sound Insulation in Wood Frame Construction (2006)
- Flanking Transmission at Joints in Multi-Family Dwellings (1997)
- Flanking Transmission in Multi-Family Dwellings (2002)
- Flanking Transmission at the Wall/Floor Junction in Multi-Family Dwellings (2005)
- Flanking Transmission in Multi-Family Dwellings Phase IV (2006)
This web application currently only requires an internet browser with Flash capability. The application will be ported to HTML 5 in the near future and will no longer require Flash.
The software is provided free of charge. Please read the full license agreement when registering.
For technical inquiries:
Dr. Christoph Hoeller
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