Canadian Security Material Technologies Roadmap - Vehicle Armour

Vehicle Armour Roadmap (PDF, 62 KB)

Vision

Provide the end user with occupant centric solution options effective against all threats while providing increased operational effectiveness.

Market

  • Mounted Soldier
  • Police tactical
  • Police
  • VIP Transport
  • Cash-In-Transit
  • EOD

Mass migrations, asymmetric conflicts, terrorism, climate change, constrained defence budgets, ubiquitous information technology, low cost sensors, increased cybersecurity challenges, increasingly severe weather events, integration of sensors and information systems into land forces, increasing CBRN threats, emerging directed energy weapons, globalisation

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Q1Q2 Q3Q4 Q1Q2 Q3Q4 Q1Q2 Q3Q4 Q1Q2 Q3Q4 Q1Q2 Q3Q4 Q1Q2 Q3Q4
Product/Systems Requirements
Opaque STANAG Level 4 @15% lower AD
Improve multi-hit tolerances to 10 mm
Statistical armour with probability of defeat 75% for common CE threats
Full coverage against fragmentation, impact and blast in injury risk
Transparent Reduce delamination due to aging/scratching/yellowing
Innovative Structures Minimize seams and joints to resist blast effects Hull structure incorporates blast protection
Technical Challenges
Reduce Weight Reduce System Weight by 15% Reduce System Weight by 25%
Develop Modelling Tools
Reduce Cost 10% Cost Reduction
Material Characterisation at Multi-scale (testing)
Increase Performance
More Efficient Manufacturing Processes
Integrated Solutions
Quantification and Design for Multi-threat Select material to defeat various KE threats Select material to defeat both KE and CE threats
Multipurpose Materials
Availability of Material Solutions
Technology Solutions
Advanced Ceramics Advanced Ceramics Shape optimisation CERMET Hybrids
Advanced Coatings Ultrahard thin coatings CBNRE resistant coatings
Nanomaterials Nanostructuring Nano-enhanced materials White graphene
Modelling and Simulation Structural optimisation Penetration models Blast models
Characterization and Testing System characterization Threat effects
Polymers and Adhesives Advanced transparent polymers Polymer foams
Manufacturing Processes Occupant centric design 3D reinforced composites
Non-Destructive Evaluation and Life Cycle Management Reduction of scrap rates NDE of advanced ceramics
Composite Materials Advanced laminates/Thermo set/Thermoplastic/Hybrids Subsititution for metals
R&D Projects
Demonstrate bulk manufacturability of CERMETS
Ballistic testing of nano-enhanced aluminum

2015 until 2020Resources

  • BCIP
  • UBC STAR Facility
  • QETE
  • NSERC
  • NINT
  • HIT Dynamics
  • CanmetCERL
  • ITBs
  • SRED
  • UBC Composites Research Network
  • NRC AST
  • NRC IRAP
  • SADI
  • MITACS

Increased need for humanitarian and disaster support , climate change, constrained defence budgets, multinational operations, natural resource scarcity, shift in economic and policitical power from North America and Europe to Asia, increased automation in military, aging population bulge in North America and Europe, weapons proliferation, severe weather events, increased defence spending by India, Germany, Saudi Arabia, Turkey & UK.

2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
Q1Q2 Q3Q4 Q1Q2 Q3Q4 Q1Q2 Q3Q4 Q1Q2 Q3Q4 Q1Q2 Q3Q4 Q1Q2 Q3Q4
Product/Systems Requirements
Opaque STANAG Level 4 @ 25% lower AD
Improve multi-hit performance and durability
Universal/Modular Attachment System
Scalable multi-threat protection system
Defeat KE, CE , IED and EFP threats
Transparent
Innovative Structures Strengthen Material Boundaries
Composites as Structural Members = no spall liners
Technical Challenges
Reduce Weight
Develop Modelling Tools
Reduce Cost
Material Characterisation at Multi-scale (testing)
Increase Performance
More Efficient Manufacturing Processes
Integrated Solutions
Quantification and Design for Multi-threat
Multipurpose Materials
Availability of Material Solutions
Technology Solutions
Advanced Ceramics Tiled vs. monolithic designs for better coverage
Advanced Coatings
Nanomaterials
Modelling and Simulation
Characterization and Testing
Polymers and Adhesives Replacement of metal fasteners.
Manufacturing Processes Additive manufacturing
Non-Destructive Evaluation and Life Cycle Management
Composite Materials Single piece composite replacements of complex assemblies
R&D Projects
Overpressure performance of bonded joints.

2020-2025 Resources

  • Factory of the Future
  • Security Materials Centre of Excellence?

Predominently urbanised societies and rise of megacities, rise of human performance optimisation, increased state-state conflict, conflicts in multiple, dispersed locations, artificial intelligence in defence applications, increasing need for 'safe zones', mainstream use of automation and robotics, development of genetic weapons, blurred lines between policing and warfare.

2025 2028 2031 2034 2037 2040+
Q1Q2 Q3Q4 Q1Q2 Q3Q4 Q1Q2 Q3Q4 Q1Q2 Q3Q4 Q1Q2 Q3Q4 Q1Q2 Q3Q4
Product/Systems Requirements
Opaque STANAG Level 5 and 6 as weight efficient add-ons to level 4
Adaptive Stealth
Transparent Same level of protection as opaque armour+Transparent to the user
Innovative Structures
Technical Challenges
Reduce Weight Reduce System Weight by 50%
Develop Modelling Tools
Reduce Cost
Material Characterisation at Multi-scale (testing)
Increase Performance
More Efficient Manufacturing Processes
Integrated Solutions
Quantification and Design for Multi-threat
Multipurpose Materials
Availability of Material Solutions
Technology Solutions
Advanced Ceramics
Advanced Coatings
Nanomaterials
Modelling and Simulation Materials design from the atomic level.
Characterization and Testing
Polymers and Adhesives
Manufacturing Processes
Non-Destructive Evaluation and Life Cycle Management
Composite Materials
R&D Projects
Demontration of integral adaptive camouflage armour